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Imagine yourself sitting back after enjoying an amazing day tour in Barcelona with Spanish Trails and discovering the expression and passion on the faces of flamenco dancers, a spectacle that will amaze even the most knowledgeable dance aficionados.

Read on, if you wish to know more about this traditional folk dance of Spain and remember to join our truly Authentic Flamenco Show in Barcelona, once you have finished reading, to be a witness to this amazing form of art next time you are in Barcelona.


Those used to the quiet, calm of ballerinas or sassy hip hop dancers will not know what to make of the symphony of emotions that pass on the faces of flamenco dancers. This is what differentiates flamenco and what makes it a global phenomenon – the emotion. The audience can feel the relationships between the guitarist, the dancer, and the singer. The performers work as a seamless unit, often exchanging glances and interacting on stage, passing words of encouragement and praise that connect the performers and the audience.

Flamenco on Stage

Image: Palacio del Flamenco


Originally from Southern Spain, specifically the Andalusia region, Flamenco as a traditional Spanish dancing style has only been documented for the past two hundred years. Today it is practiced throughout Spain and around the world. After reaching popularity in the United States, Flamenco has expanded to now having more flamenco academies in Japan than in Spain. Since the roots of flamenco are so multicultural, being immersed in various traditions around the world before becoming the finished product that we know today, every person can find something to relate to in a flamenco performance. Flamenco has absorbed a little bit of every culture it’s touched.

The Spanish art form is made up of three parts: Guitarra (guitar playing), cante (song), and baile (dance). Although flamenco originated in Andalucia, historians agree that it is influenced by many other cultures, including Latin American, Cuban, and Jewish traditions. Gypsies, or the Roma people, brought flamenco from its roots in Andalusia to the rest of Spain. Romani culture places importance on moving frequently, as they do not consider themselves true citizens of the countries they were born in, but rather citizens of their Romani community. They also have a reputation for influencing many different types of music, including compositions of famous classical composers Franz Liszt and Johannes Brahms. Some even speculate that flamenco originates from the Roma people. Flamenco also traveled by boat to other continents through the vast immigration of the 1800s and 1900s.

Two young women in Traditional Flamenco dress

Image: Sydney Rae/Unsplash

On stage

While most flamenco dancers receive professional training, it was common in the past for dancers to be completely self-taught. The art was passed down from generation to generation and was considered a part of the community’s tradition. Flamenco is traditionally a dramatic art form that tells a story, through the body language of the dancers, their physical movements, the music, and the elaborate costumes. The costumes are extremely important to the story. Every detail is intentionally placed; every element, down to the intricate hairpiece of the female dancers, is carefully considered by the costume designer. 

Body language

In its original form, the only sounds that accompanied the dance were singing and the clapping of hands called toque de palmas. A sole cry or chant would be accompanied with a type of percussion that kept the rhythm. However, as the reach of flamenco grew larger and larger, musical instruments were added to the performance. Contemporary flamenco dancers use small handheld percussion instruments called castanets, which they snap to the rhythm of the music. The mesmerizing movement of the arms, hands, and fingers provides a magic that is essential to flamenco. Movement of the arms is called braceo and movement of the hands and fingers is called floreo. The posture and the coordination of the arms with the rotation of the wrists during braceo is very important and differentiates flamenco from other styles of dance.

Flamenco dancer's feet

Image: Dolo Iglesias/Unsplash

The cry

When you think of flamenco, one of the first things that come to mind is Olé! This iconic expression is used to energize the singers and dancers and to express enthusiasm and praise for the dance. Some say that olé originated from the Hebrew verb oleh, which means “to throw up in the air.” Others believe that the term came from the Bible story of Jacob, Rachel, and Leah when Jacob thought he would marry Rachel but he lifted his bride’s veil and discovered it was Leah under the veil. The crowd tried to warn him by saying “Oh, Leah!” Still, others claim that it’s derived from the Arabic word allah meaning “God.” No matter the origin, there is nothing like hearing Olé! rise above the frenzied tapping of the dancers’ feet, the guitar strumming and undulating voices of the flamenco singers during a performance.

3 replies
  1. CostumeLooks
    CostumeLooks says:

    In the twentieth century, flamenco danced informally at gitano (Roma) celebrations in Spain was considered the most “authentic” form of flamenco. There is less virtuoso technique in gitano flamenco, but the music and steps are fundamentally the same. The arms are noticeably different from classical flamenco, curving around the head and body rather than extending, often with a bent elbow.

    • Sai
      Sai says:

      Wow, thank you very much!
      The information you are including is an excellent complement to ours. Great stuff, keep it coming 🙂


Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. […] “Classical flamenco” is the style most frequently performed by Spanish flamenco dance companies. It is danced largely in a proud and upright style. For women, the back is often held in a marked back bend. Unlike the more gitano influenced styles, there is little movement of the hips, the body is tightly held and the arms are long, like a ballet dancer. In fact many of the dancers in these companies are trained in Ballet Clásico Español more than in the improvisational language of flamenco. Flamenco has both influenced and been influenced by Ballet Clásico Español, as evidenced by the fusion of the two ballets created by ‘La Argentinita’ in the early part of the twentieth century and later, by Joaquín Cortés, eventually by the entire Ballet Nacional de España et al. […]

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